Alternatively see: How To Install SSL on a Shared Hosting Website
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a cryptographic protocol that ensures secure communication between a web server and a client’s web browser. It provides a secure and encrypted connection, allowing sensitive information such as passwords, credit card details, and personal data to be transmitted securely over the Internet.
To acquire and install an SSL certificate for a website, you generally need to follow these steps:
1. Determine the type of SSL certificate you need: There are different types of SSL certificates available, such as Domain Validated (DV), Organization Validated (OV), and Extended Validation (EV). Choose the one that best suits your website’s requirements.
2. Choose a Certificate Authority (CA): A CA is an entity that issues SSL certificates. Popular CAs include Let’s Encrypt, Comodo, GeoTrust, and Symantec. Research and select a reputable CA that fits your needs.
3. Generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR): A CSR is a file containing your website’s public key and other relevant information. It is required to obtain an SSL certificate. You can generate a CSR using your web server software or hosting control panel.
4. Submit the CSR and other required information: Follow the CA’s instructions to submit your CSR and any additional information they may require. This typically involves providing details about your organization and domain.
5. Complete the validation process: The CA will verify the information you provided to ensure your ownership or authorization to request an SSL certificate. The validation process varies based on the type of certificate chosen. DV certificates usually require the domain owner to respond to an email or add a DNS record, while OV and EV certificates involve additional verification steps.
6. Receive and install the SSL certificate: Once the validation is complete, the CA will issue your SSL certificate. They will provide you with the certificate files, including the public key and intermediate certificates. You need to install these files on your web server. The specific installation process depends on your server software or hosting provider. It usually involves configuring the web server to use the SSL certificate and updating your website’s URLs to use the “https://” protocol.
7. Test and verify the SSL installation: After installing the SSL certificate, test your website to ensure that the secure connection is working correctly. You can use online SSL checker tools or web browser features to verify the SSL installation and confirm that your website is properly secured.